Nummularia

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Lysimachia nummularia - Creeping Loosestrife

Food

Medicinal Uses

Description

General Prostrate, creeping [PCBC2004] "growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.6 m (2ft) at a fast rate."[PFAF]
Lifecycle "evergreen Perennial".[PFAF]
Flowers "yellow flowers that are single or in pairs in the leafaxils." [PCBC2004] "corollas yellow, saucer-shaped, deeply 5-lobed...fringed with small, glandular hairs. [IFBC][E-flora] "The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies....The plant is self-fertile." [PFAF]
Fruits Capsules.[IFCB][E-flora]
Leaves "round to oval[PCBC2004] "12.5 mm. or more long" [HNW]
Stem Several, dotted with red-black spots. [IFBC][E-flora] Leafy, slender and "forming conspicuous green mats."[HNW] Stem leaves opposite, with short stalks. [IFBC][E-flora]
Root Rhizome.[E-flora]
Habitat "Damp situations in pastures and by the sides of streams, avoiding acid soils[4, 9]." [PFAF] moist places. [HNW]
Range "Europe, including Britain, from Sweden south and east to Spain, N. Greece and the Caucasus." [PFAF] Southwestern B.C. [PCBC2004] Sparingly introduced. Willamette and Columbia River bottom lands. [HNW] "infrequent on Vancouver Island and the Fraser Valley; rare in SC BC." [IFBC] [E-flora] Introduced to Japan.[PDR]
Status Exotic. [IFBC] [E-flora]

Ethnobotany

Medicinal Part(s): Fresh or dried whole flowering plant, including the root.[PDR]

Pharmacology

The whole herb, used fresh or dried;

Antioxidant: "The in vitro radical scavenging activities of the plant extracts [L. vulgaris, L. nummularia & L. punctata] were tested.... Our studies proved that L. nummularia extract had the most significant activity."[Toth et al.]

"Extracts of the aerial plant parts are said to be antibacterial in vitro..."[PDR]

Phytochemistry

Flavonoids
"The main flavonoids in L. nummularia and L. vulgaris were identified as myricetin- and myricetin- quercetin-, and kaempferol-glyosides respectively". [Toth et al.][PDR]"The quantitative analytical measurements revealed that the total flavonoid content expressed in hyperoside of L. vulgaris was significantly lower than of the samples of L. nummularia, and L. punctata, but its hydroxycinnamic acid content was outstanding. The accumulation of polyphenols and tannins showed to be homogeneous among the samples."[Toth et al.]

Plant:

Flavonol glycosides

  • isoquercitrin (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • kaempferol 3-O-(2,6-dirhamnosylgalactoside) (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • Kaempferol 3-O-rhamnosyl (1 → 2) galactoside (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • mearnsitrin (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • myricetin 3-O-arabinofuranoside (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • myricitrin (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • quercetin 3-O-(2,6-dirhamnosylgalactoside) (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • quercetin 3-O-neohesperidioside (whole planet)[Yasukawa] '
  • rutin (whole planet)[Yasukawa] [PDR]
  • syringetin 3-galactoside (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • syringetin 3-O-xylopyranoside (whole planet)[Yasukawa]
  • trifolin (whole planet)[Yasukawa]

Tannins [PDR]

Triterpene saponins [PDR]

Cultivation

"An easily grown plant, succeeding in a moist loamy soil[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Grows well in marshy soil and in shallow water in pond margins[24, 56]. Prefers a shady position[111] but also succeeds in full sun[188]. Plants are hardy to at least -25°c[187]. Most species in this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. A very ornamental plant[1]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Invasive, Naturalizing, Fragrant flowers, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms."[PFAF]

Groundcover: "Can be used as a ground cover plant in moist soils but requires weeding for the first year or so. Plants should be spaced about 60cm apart each way and form a carpet, rooting as they spread[208]."[PFAF]

Propagation

"Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[200]. This species rarely produces seed in Britain[17]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn[200]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring."[PFAF]

Lysimachia Sp.; 28 of 50 species used medicinally for "Invigorating blood circulation and eliminating blood stasis; asthmolytic; for menstrual disorders". [Houghton EHMP]

Lysimachia nemorum Linnaeus yellow pimpernel; "The flowers of Lysimachia nemorum have been boiled in Cavan as a cure for gallstones." [MPFT]

Lysimachia Quadrifolia Crosswort (Yellow Balm, Four-leaved Loosestrife), The Whole Herb; Astringent, Sto, A-per. Coughs and Colds, tea as expectorant. Used for indigestion and catarrh of the stomach. Stops internal/external bleeding. Antimalarial. [Deschauer-2] Decoction of root taken for bowel/urinary trouble and kidney problems. Infusion of roots taken for "female trouble" or as an emetic.[Moerman NAEth]

Lysimachia thyrsiflora L., Tufted Loosestrife; "Compound decoction used as wash and applied as poultice to stop milk flow." [Moerman NAEth]

Lysimachia vulgaris L. (Primulaceae). garden yellow loosestrife. (temperate Eurasia; introduced into North America, Australasia)[MPFT] Burned in houses to drive away gnats.[UAPDS] "Tie plant stems and leaves around a horse’s bridle to deter flies." [mcvicar GH]

References


Caution
The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy and I accept no responsibility for its authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and environmental contaminants. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting plants for any use.

Page last modified on 02-11-2016