Parviflorus

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Thimbleberry -

Family: Rosaceaea? - Rose [E-flora]

[IFBC-E-flora]

[E-flora]

Food

Other Uses

Medicinal Uses

Description

Synonyms

General Unarmed erect shrub.[HNW] Usually at least 1m tall.[PWOBC] 1-3m tall [HNW]
Lifecycle Perennial. [WildPNW] Growing at a medium rate. pollinated by Insects.[PFAF]
Flowers clusters of 2-9. [WildPNW] petals white,[HNM][PWOBC][WildPNW] rarely pinkish. 1-3cm long[HNW] Textured like crumpled paper.[WildPNW] hermaphrodite. [PFAF]
Fruits Red, slightly hairy.[WildPNW] scarlet, puberulent. [HNW]
Leaves "Alternate, deciduous, long-stalked, mapleleaf-shaped...". [IFBC-E-flora] palmately lobed. [HNW][PWOBC] Most leaf blades at least 8 cm wide; [PWOBC] "3-5 [HNW][WildPNW] finely toothed lobes pointed at tips".[WildPNW]
Stem without prickles [PWOBC][WildPNW] Bark brown and shredding.[WildPNW]
Habitat moist shady woods, below alpine. [WildPNW] Woodlands, canyons and open areas[62].[PFAF] Common along streams and in open woods.[HNW]
Range Throughout southern B.C. south of 56 degrees N.[IFBC-E-flora] Western N. America - Alaska to Ontario and California. Occasionally naturalized in Britain[17].[PFAF] Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland, south to northern California.[WildPNW]
Ecological Indicator
A shade-tolerant/intolerant, submontane to subalpine, North American deciduous shrub distributed equally in the Pacific, Cordilleran, and Central regions. Occurs on nitrogen-rich soils within boreal, temperate, and mesothermal climates; its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and latitude and increases with increasing continentality. Very common in open-canopy forests and early-seral com­munities on cutover and/ or burnt sites where it may hinder natural regeneration and growth of shade-intolerant conifers. Usually associated with Alnus rubra, Athyrium filix-femina, Epilobium angustifolium, Oplopanax horridus, Rubus spectabilis, Sambucus racemosa, Streptopus roseus, and Tiarella unifoliata. A nitrophytic species characteristic of Moder and Mull humus forms. [1.2]

Ethnobotany

Medicinal

Nutritional

Per g dry weight (Fruit) [Norton KaigHaida]
Calories Protein g Carbohydrate g Ash g Lipid g Calcium mg Iron mg Magnesium mg Zinc mg Ascorbic acid mg
3.63 0.10 0.82 0.04 0.04 4.28 0.03 0.65 0.02 2.59
Per 100g fresh weight (Fruit) [Turner,Kuhnlein]
Calories kcal Water g Protein g Carbohydrate g Ash g Fat g Crude Fiber g Thiamine mg Riboflavin mg Niacin mg Vitamin C mg
99-105 74 1.7-3.1 23-24.7 0.6-1.1 1.2 11.9 0.03 <0.01 <0.6 63.6-78
Per 100g fresh weight (Fruit) [Turner,Kuhnlein]
Calcium mg Phosphorus mg Sodium mg Magnesium mg Copper mg Zinc mg Iron mg Manganese mg
89-129 62 0.8 19.6-44 0.2 0.4-0.7 0.7-0.9 1.8
Per 100g fresh weight (peeled shoots) [Turner,Kuhnlein]
Calories kcal Water g Protein g Fat g Carbohydrate g Crude Fiber g Ash g Thiamine mg Riboflavin mg Niacin mg Vitamin C mg Vitamin A RE
22 93 0.6 0.4 5.5 1.0 0.6 0.01 0.09 0.3 5.9 41
Calcium mg Phosphorus mg Sodium mg Magnesium mg Copper mg Zinc mg Iron mg Manganese mg - - - -
24 26 1 29 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 - - - -

Cultivation

"Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. Can be grown in a woodland garden though it is less likely to fruit well in such a position[K]. This plant has perennial stems without prickles[200] and is less invasive than the related R. odoratus[182]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]." [PFAF]

"It occurs early on in succession of the ecosystem. Since it root sprouts, you can find thimbleberry growing after a forest fire." [Krumm PNBB]

Propagation

"Seed - requires stratification, is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Sow stored seed as early as possible in the year in a cold frame and stratify for a month at 3°c if sowing later than February. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year. Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn. Division in early spring." [PFAF]

References


Caution
The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy and I accept no responsibility for its authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and environmental contaminants. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting plants for any use.

Page last modified on 31-10-2016