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Under Development


Medicinal Uses


  • Barks: "Barks have also served as general tonics and “strengthening” medicines. A general medicine made from a concoction of four barks... is still used to treat ailments of the digestive tract, lungs and kidneys, and another, composed of barks of ten different species, has been used recently to treat spitting of blood and other complaints. Commonly, infusions or decoctions of the barks are prepared, and drunk or used as an external wash." [Turner1990]




The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy and I accept no responsibility for its authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and environmental contaminants. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting plants for any use.

Page last modified on 15-03-2017